Vienna is one city boasting of historic buildings with unique architecture that have been restored to their former beauty. Not many people perhaps know that great effort went into preserving much of Vienna’s historic buildings, thanks to concerned groups who value the Austrian capital’s rich heritage.
In the early days, Gothic buildings dotted Vienna built from older foundations. A famous architectural style in the 1300s was known as the Hallenkirche or hall church which featured hallways with nave and aisles in the interior portion of the building.
St. Stephan’s Cathedral is the most famous example of the Hallenkirche style with its needle-shaped central spire. The church’s triple naves with the same height are distinct features of Austrian Gothic.
Gothic architecture in the Austrian capital later focused on intricate decorations in the interior. These include geometric patterns known as tracery and sculptures to ceilings and walls.
Following the Gothic style came the flourishing of the Baroque architecture. The long reign of Leopold I was when Austrian baroque started to get well known and Austria started producing its own architects. Famous structures showcashing this style include the Liechtenstein Palace designed by Dominico Martinelli, the Karlskirche by Fischer von Erlach, St. Peter’s Church, Belvedere Palace and the Schwarzenberg Palace.
The Rococo style followed featuring colorful frescoes, gilt stucco and interiors showcasing lots of embellishments. Some great examples are Schonbrunn Palace courtesy of Maria Theresa as well as the Abbey of Durnstein and Melk Abbey in Lower Austria.
Then came the Neoclassicism that dominated the skyline of the city and lasted until the 19th century. This style was evident in the Technical University as well as government buildings including the Mint and the Palace of the Provincial Government.
The Eclecticism architectural design was considered the most impressive in Vienna as evident in the Ringstrasse. A personal project and the greatest achievement of Emperor Franz Joseph, the Ringstrasse showcased a harmony of building styles to include the French neo-Gothic, Flemish neo-Gothic, Greek Revival, French Renaissance and Tuscan Renaissance.